Zhu Dingxi, chief meteorological service officer of China Meteorological Administration, Li Qiang, senior engineer of Beijing Meteorological Bureau, and Zeus online Technology CEO Tony visited the “Golden Binance Lab” studio. The live broadcast was hosted by Binance Lab content Director Wang Yukun with the theme “Block chain helps social meteorological observation lead the new wave of ‘observation is sharing'”.
During the live broadcast, three guests expressed their views on the data observation methods of the traditional Meteorological Bureau, the impact of the development of blockchain technology on the meteorological field, and how to combine blockchain technology in the meteorological field.
The following are the details of the LVB:
Wang Yukun: welcome three distinguished guests. Please introduce yourself first.
Zhu Dingxi: I am Zhu Dingxi from the Public Meteorological Service Department of the China Meteorological Administration. I am very glad to have the opportunity to communicate with you on public meteorological services.
Li Qiang: I am Li Qiang from Beijing Meteorological Bureau. I have many years of meteorological work experience and am committed to ensuring the normal operation of meteorological operations and services. I am glad to meet you today.
Tony: I am CEO, of Tony, Zeus online Technologies. I am very pleased to participate in the discussion on “Block chain + Social observation in the Field of Meteorological Environment”. Our company is currently working on a block chain solution for social observation. You are welcome to follow us.
Wang Yukun: what are the ways of traditional meteorological environmental data observation at present? What are the shortcomings and inconveniences exposed?
Zhu Dingxi: generally speaking, meteorological observation is the basis of meteorological work and the development of atmospheric science. The meteorological observations we often mention generally include surface meteorological observation, high-altitude meteorological observation, atmospheric remote sensing detection, meteorological satellite detection and so on. Among them, surface meteorological observation is particularly important, and it is also the most important part of our meteorological service. It mainly observes air temperature, air humidity, wind speed, wind direction, light intensity, rainfall, atmospheric pressure, soil temperature and so on.
At present, the surface meteorological observation used in China’s meteorological industry is generally based on various ground observation platforms to observe weather phenomena and measure meteorological elements with the naked eye or with the aid of instrument tools, and then carry out numerous and complicated flows. after the measurement of various meteorological monitoring automatic stations and other elements, a complete set of meteorological data is finally obtained.
Because the observation results need to be analyzed and compared in a country, a region and even the whole world, the location of weather stations, the accuracy of meteorological instruments and their installation and use methods, observation time and observation items, there is an inevitable relationship between observation techniques and recording methods and observation results, but there will certainly be some observation blind spots. This is related to the density of meteorological observation points, observation frequency and observation time. According to the current actual situation, in our meteorological observation activities, there must be the results of a single geographical location of the observation point representing the results of the whole range, and the results of a certain point of time representing the results of the whole period of time. To take a simple example, the control of meteorological observation sites in first-tier cities is relatively dense, but it is impossible to cover the whole city.
Therefore, I think there is a lot of room for improvement in meteorological observation at present. The existing technology enables meteorology to realize the pattern of multi-field automation. However, it is far from enough to require meteorological departments to form connected feedback. With the help of various favorable resources and technologies, including social observation technology, more enterprises and individuals should be involved in understanding and mastering their working methods and methods, so as to achieve a real model of intensive and comprehensive meteorological development.
Wang Yukun: just now you mentioned [socialized observation technology]. We know that the China Meteorological Administration issued a technical specification for the classification of convenient automatic meteorological observers to promote the social meteorological observation business of “observation is sharing”. How to understand “social observation”? What are the regulatory authorities’ further guidance documents and requirements for social observation?
Zhu Dingxi: according to my understanding, social meteorological observation is a meteorological observation activity carried out by individuals, social institutions or enterprises outside the meteorological industry. Observers often use portable automatic instruments to observe this kind of observation behavior, which generally have the characteristics of small size, light weight, easy to transport and carry, and also meet the requirements of timely feedback and sharing of observation elements.
In terms of guiding the development of social meteorological observation, the China Meteorological Administration recently issued the “Technical Specification for grading of Portable automatic Meteorological Observatory (for trial implementation)”. The purpose is to establish relevant standards for social observation and standardize the social meteorological observation market. promote the establishment of a public participation social meteorological observation system with policy guidance, market main body and business integration. Form a social meteorological observation service of convenient participation and “observation is sharing”, and encourage the innovation and development of observation technology. The Code stipulates the classification standard of portable automatic meteorological observation instrument, and defines the application scene and technical index. In line with the principle of flexibility and economy, the portable automatic meteorological observation instrument is divided into four levels: a, B, C and D. each level of the observation instrument can play its maximum benefit in the meteorological observation needs of different scenes.
After all, the data that the meteorological department can collect has limitations. 100 points represent a city, and the feedback results of 100 points are completely different from those of 10000 points.
Wang Yukun: what are the socio-economic significance of socialized observation? What are the problems in the implementation of social observation solutions?
Li Qiang: carry out meteorological environment observation for sex, establish relevant standards for socialized observation, standardize the social meteorological environment observation market, and promote the establishment of a public participation social meteorological environment observation system with policy guidance, market subject and business integration. Form a social meteorological observation business of convenient participation and “observation is sharing”, which can accumulate relevant data, seek application and income realization, and explore the service market. Encourage the market innovation and development of social observation, and finally achieve win-win economic benefits. Indeed, as you mentioned, there are related problems, such as the arbitrariness of autonomous observation and the lack of unified standards; the observation data of various institutions are relatively isolated and cannot form a good data effect; the unified domestication of observation data, quality control and other related problems need to be further improved; without a good profit model, the market-oriented observation market has not been formed.
Wang Yukun: what is the enlightenment of blockchain technology to the socialized observation in the field of meteorological environment? How to view the potential impact of blockchain technology on the meteorological field?
Li Qiang: the National Development and Reform Commission defines the coverage of the new infrastructure for the first time, emphasizing that the new infrastructure is guided by the new development concept, driven by technological innovation, based on the information network, and oriented to the needs of high-quality development. an infrastructure system that provides services such as digital transformation, intelligent upgrading, integration and innovation. In terms of new infrastructure, it includes new technological infrastructure represented by artificial intelligence, cloud computing and blockchain; converged infrastructure mainly refers to the in-depth application of Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other technologies such as intelligent transportation infrastructure and smart energy infrastructure to support the transformation and upgrading of traditional infrastructure to form a converged infrastructure.
Innovation infrastructure mainly refers to the public welfare infrastructure that supports scientific research, technology development and product development, such as major scientific and technological infrastructure, scientific and educational infrastructure, industrial technological innovation infrastructure and so on.
The socialized observation in the field of meteorological environment is fully in line with the scope of integrated infrastructure and new technology infrastructure in the new infrastructure. The birth and more and more extensive application of blockchain technology also provides more technical possibilities for social observation.
Blockchain is a distributed storage technology, which is decentralized, transparent and untampered. According to the characteristics of blockchain technology, if the meteorological bureau and various meteorological monitoring points are included in the blockchain system, then the monitoring data of each region can be updated and shared in real time. There is no need to worry about errors in the monitoring and transmission of the data, which can potentially affect the scope and accuracy of weather observation.
Wang Yukun: next, let’s ask Zeus online Technology CEO Tony,. How did you connect with the block? How to pay attention to the possibility of the application of block chain technology in the field of meteorology? What are the progressive processes of understanding the blockchain and what key nodes can be shared?
Tony: I am an Internet continuous entrepreneur. I like to pay attention to new things. Many of my entrepreneurial partners have joined the blockchain business one after another. Under their influence, I began to learn blockchain technology. Later, he worked as a partner in the blockchain travel company one after another, and then worked in the public chain where both the technical and landing aspects were better for a period of time. Because some of my friends are executives in companies like ink weather, in the process of communicating with them and regulatory leaders, they found the possibility of the application of blockchain technology in the meteorological field. Blockchain technology can indeed solve many pain points in the meteorological field.
The cognition of blockchain is indeed a progressive process. At first, it is curious and belongs to the stage of understanding and learning. Later, with some work experience in blockchain industry, I began to have my own thinking. Finally, I want to use blockchain technology to solve some specific problems. After a long time of exploration and theoretical verification, Zeus meteorological system project came into being. I hope you can have some of your own thoughts on blockchain technology, focusing on using blockchain technology to solve some specific problems of social and economic value.
Wang Yukun: please give us a brief introduction to Zeus online technology. what is the original purpose of its establishment? What is the current development? What are the achievements of development? What is the work flow of the Zeus meteorological system? What is the role of blockchain in it? What problems have been solved in the field of meteorology before?
Tony: We want to use technologies such as blockchain to create a decentralized sharing platform for exchanging meteorological environmental data (ZWS), every person, group, and enterprise has the opportunity to create value through meteorological environmental data and benefit from assets that have never been fully utilized. Users can provide ZWS with meteorological element indicators, including temperature, humidity, wind, wind direction carbon dioxide, PM2.5, air pressure and so on, through intelligent hardware that meets the requirements of the regulatory authorities, and adopts a variety of data storage architecture for the data submitted by all users, so that it can store and integrate a large number of heterogeneous data. Although the data has the characteristics of different formats, different dimensions and lack of metadata, under the comprehensive framework built by ZWS, the integrated meteorological data can be collected to form a database, and the functions of meteorological data analysis and prediction can be developed, which can be used as the basis for providing meteorological services to enterprise customers in agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, sideline, fishing and other industries in the future.
At present, we have obtained some capital investment and established a good cooperative relationship with the meteorological regulatory authorities, and have also been recognized by head meteorological companies such as knowing the weather, elephant weather and other head meteorological companies, and signed a memorandum of cooperation. Meteorological enterprises have a strong demand for purchasing raw meteorological data collected by social observation, and we will carry out in-depth cooperation in the fields of meteorological SaaS services, Internet of things and paid data.
The essence of blockchain technology is actually a decentralized distributed ledger with high transparency, traceability and tamper-proof characteristics. Once the meteorological data is linked, the time and content of the link are open and transparent, and it is difficult to tamper with, and the content of the chain will gradually have legal effect, so it can be traced back to the source. This provides a trust basis for data exchange and sharing among different institutions, and uses technology to solve the problem of trust. Block chain technology will play a very important role in the ZWS system for the linking of meteorological data, the establishment of arbitration nodes to eliminate bad data, and the distributed storage of meteorological data.
Zeus Global Distributed Weather Data Shared System abbreviated as ZWS (Zeus Global distributed Meteorological data sharing system).
Wang Yukun: what are the specific aspects of cooperation between Zeus online Technology and the Meteorological Bureau at present? Are there any major differences between the Meteorological Bureau and Zeus online technology in the process of launching the program, and how to promote the solution?
Tony:, our communication with the regulatory authorities is relatively smooth, but at the beginning, when we proposed the blockchain technology solution for social observation, the regulatory authorities still had a lot of worries. Later, we found some authoritative meteorological and blockchain technical experts to conduct a number of theoretical discussions and verification, and slowly reached an agreement. We have also tried to apply for the program at the national level and have won the support of the regulatory authorities.
Wang Yukun: just now a teacher also mentioned the issue of enthusiasm for public participation. At present, what “incentive measures” have been set up by the Zeus meteorological system to encourage extensive participation?
Tony:1. Users are encouraged to use equipment that meets the technical standards of regulatory authorities to collect meteorological data and join the system to become nodes so as to obtain economic incentives. Users will enjoy digital economic rights and interests consistent with their contributions in the ecology of Zeus meteorological system.
two。. Actively cooperate with social groups, meteorological enterprises and intelligent hardware companies to create a better ZWS ecology. Work together to create a social observation alliance similar to the alliance chain to make the rights and interests of the digital economy more valuable.
- Actively expand overseas markets, we plan to cooperate with the meteorological bureaus of Japan and South Korea in data sharing and gradually improve the areas that can be covered.
- Actively apply for national technical projects, carry out technical discussions with domestic and foreign regulatory agencies and academic units, and make their own contributions to the improvement of innovative infrastructure and integrated infrastructure under the background of new infrastructure.
Wang Yukun: blockchain and new infrastructure are hot words this year. I believe they will also be mentioned frequently at the two sessions. Whether it is the meteorological bureau or meteorological commercial enterprises, how do you think to better participate in the wave of block chain and new infrastructure, and what is the correct position to open the block chain? What are the follow-up development plans?
Zhu Dingxi: relying on innovative technological change, establishing an efficient, accurate and active industrial platform between meteorological service organizations and meteorological service objects as well as industry users can make our closely related meteorological services coruscate new vitality. Meteorological practitioners can actively embrace the new changes in the development of the industry, with the help of the core competence of the combination of social observation and block chain technology to improve the accuracy of meteorological services, so as to enhance the satisfaction of the broad masses of people.
Li Qiang: blockchain technology can endorse the exchange and sharing of meteorological data, and the Meteorological Bureau can adopt an open attitude to improve the efficiency of international meteorological cooperation, and can also break through the bottleneck of existing observation data to a certain extent. to open up a new way for the development of meteorological undertakings. There is no doubt that such a new technology is becoming a new development direction of the meteorological industry.
As an enterprise, Tony: should actively respond to the government’s call for new infrastructure and social observation, and actively adopt new technologies to promote the landing of new social observation solutions. Solve some pain points of traditional meteorological observation, so as to make meteorological environmental data timely and accurately serve production and life, and create more social and economic value. In the follow-up, we are going to land the local government, combine the scenarios of agriculture, poverty alleviation and disaster early warning, create some demonstration application cases, actively expand the value edge of meteorological and environmental data, and combine with leading enterprises in new energy, environmental protection and other fields. to create a more perfect ecology.
Wang Yukun: at present, combined with block chain technology, what other social observation solutions are being explored? What application scenarios are expected to be expanded by the social observation blockchain solution? How to view the expandable direction of blockchain + meteorology in the future?
Tony:1. And government agencies actively promote the socialization of organizations to observe the subject research on the adoption of new technologies such as block chains.
two。. Join hands with the regulatory authorities to improve the technical parameter standards of relevant meteorological observation equipment and establish an access system.
- Actively advocate and promote the establishment of social observation alliance. In this alliance, regulators establish relevant standards for social observation, standardize the social meteorological environment observation market, and promote the establishment of a public participation social meteorological environment observation system with policy guidance, market subject and business integration. Social groups and enterprises related to meteorological environment and block chain technology actively respond to the call of regulators, actively explore new technologies, become the intermediate force of the socialized observation alliance, and actively promote the sharing and integration of meteorological environment and environmental protection data. give full play to its social and economic value. Social individuals are the basic force of the social concept in the field of meteorological environment, and users are encouraged to carry out meteorological environment observation with standard equipment. On the contrary, more complete meteorological environment data can also be better users.
About application scenarios:
- The data collected by the block chain solution of social observation can meet the production of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishing and other industries to serve the integrated meteorological data.
two。. The meteorological environmental data collected can meet the purchasing needs of commercial companies for meteorological data. Based on the original meteorological data collected by the social observation program, the use of artificial intelligence technology, combined with numerical model calculation to produce more accurate meteorological data products, and provide meteorological SaaS service products.
- The combination with the Internet of things. As the user of big data, the meteorological industry accepted the empowerment of the Internet of things earlier. In some developed countries, the Internet of things technology has been widely used in meteorological monitoring and early warning, meteorological forecast, meteorological information transmission and meteorological services and other aspects.
- In the release of meteorological early warning information, the characteristics of block chain technology, such as tamper-proof, traceability, safety and reliability, can well solve the existing problems in the release of meteorological early warning information.
Wang Yukun: please send a message to the new economic model of “blockchain + industry”.
Zhu Dingxi: with the new industrial model, the positive changes brought to the meteorological service industry are obvious, and it is even more desirable for people to look forward to the symbiosis and win-win new ecology of the entire meteorological industry.
Li Qiang: block chain technology brings new weather to the development of meteorological industry. It is expected that more new technologies of meteorological block chain can be applied in meteorological services in the future.
Tony: block chain + meteorology, make meteorological environmental data more valuable, let us look forward to the arrival of a new wave of socialized observation with the participation of the whole people!